Human Rights

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Effects on specific rights[edit]

Effects on specific groups[edit]

  • Climate change will exacerbate existing health risks and undermine support structures that protect children from harm.[1] The health burden of climate change (e.g. malnutrition, infant and child mortality and morbidity) will primarily be borne by children in the developing world.[2] Likewise, increased stress on livelihoods will hinder their right to education.[3] For more information, please read: General Comment No. 15 (2013) of the Committee on the Rights of the Child.
  • Women are especially exposed to climate change-related risks due to existing gender discrimination, inequality and inhibiting gender roles.[4] It is established that women, particularly elderly women and girls, are affected more severely and are more at risk during all phases of weather-related disasters: risk preparedness, warning communication and response, social and economic impacts, recovery and reconstruction.[5] For more information, please read: General Recommendation No. 37 (2018) of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women.
  • Climate change poses a serious threat to indigenous peoples, who often live in marginal lands and fragile ecosystems which are particularly sensitive to alterations in the physical environment.[6] Climate change-related impacts have already led to the relocation of Inuit communities in polar regions and affected their traditional livelihoods.[7] Indigenous peoples inhabiting low-lying island States face similar pressures, threatening their cultural identity which is closely linked to their traditional lands and livelihoods.[8]




Scientific papers[edit]



  1. UN General Assembly. Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the relationship between climate change and human rights. A/HRC/10/61. 15 January 2009, p. 16.
  2. Ibid.
  3. Ibid.
  4. IPCC AR4 WGII, p. 398.
  5. Ibid.
  6. UN General Assembly, A/HRC/10/61, p. 17.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Ibid.